, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 605-620
Date: 19 May 2012

Role of Dopamine Receptors in ADHD: A Systematic Meta-analysis

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Abstract

The dopaminergic system plays a pivotal role in the central nervous system via its five diverse receptors (D1–D5). Dysfunction of dopaminergic system is implicated in many neuropsychological diseases, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common mental disorder that prevalent in childhood. Understanding the relationship of five different dopamine (DA) receptors with ADHD will help us to elucidate different roles of these receptors and to develop therapeutic approaches of ADHD. This review summarized the ongoing research of DA receptor genes in ADHD pathogenesis and gathered the past published data with meta-analysis and revealed the high risk of DRD5, DRD2, and DRD4 polymorphisms in ADHD.