Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 367–372

Facile synthesis of Au/ZnO nanoparticles and their enhanced photocatalytic activity for hydroxylation of benzene

  • HANG YU
  • HAI MING
  • JINGJING GONG
  • HAITAO LI
  • HUI HUANG
  • KEMING PAN
  • YANG LIU
  • ZHENHUI KANG
  • JIE WEI
  • DONGTIAN WANG
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12034-013-0491-y

Cite this article as:
YU, H., MING, H., GONG, J. et al. Bull Mater Sci (2013) 36: 367. doi:10.1007/s12034-013-0491-y

Abstract

Au/ZnO nanocomposites have been prepared by a simple chemical method. For the first time, the nanocomposites were directly used as photocatalysts for hydroxylation of aromatic hydrocarbons under UV and visible light irradiation. The results show that the as-prepared photocatalysts display high photocatalytic activity for UV and visible catalytic hydroxylation of benzene. Without the assistance of any solvent or additive, high selectivity and high conversion efficiency were still obtained. Different photocatalytic mechanisms were proposed depending on whether excitation happens on ZnO semiconductor or on the surface plasmon band of Au. The former is Au nanoparticles act as electron buffer due to irradiation by UV light and ZnO nanoparticles as reactive sites for hydroxylation of benzene, the latter is that Au nanoparticles act as light harvesters and inject electrons into ZnO conduction band and as photocatalytic sites under visible light irradiation.

Keywords

Zinc oxidegold nanoparticlesnanocompositesphotocatalysisvisible light

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • HANG YU
    • 1
  • HAI MING
    • 1
  • JINGJING GONG
    • 1
  • HAITAO LI
    • 1
  • HUI HUANG
    • 1
  • KEMING PAN
    • 1
  • YANG LIU
    • 1
  • ZHENHUI KANG
    • 1
  • JIE WEI
    • 2
  • DONGTIAN WANG
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM) and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-based Functional Materials and DevicesSoochow UniversitySuzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Biological EngineeringSuzhou University of Science and TechnologySuzhouChina