Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 37–41

Photocatalytic degradation of indigo carmine dye using TiO2 impregnated activated carbon

  • A K Subramani
  • K Byrappa
  • S Ananda
  • K M Lokanatha Rai
  • C Ranganathaiah
  • M Yoshimura
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12034-007-0007-8

Cite this article as:
Subramani, A.K., Byrappa, K., Ananda, S. et al. Bull Mater Sci (2007) 30: 37. doi:10.1007/s12034-007-0007-8

Abstract

The photocatalytic degradation of indigo carmine dye was studied using hydrothermally prepared TiO2 impregnated activated carbon (TiO2: AC). A comparison between the degradation of the indigo carmine dye using commercial TiO2 and TiO2: AC revealed the efficiency of the title compound. The degradation reaction was optimized with respect to the dye concentration and catalyst amount. The reduction in the chemical oxygen demand (COD) revealed the mineralization of dye along with colour removal. The active compound like TiO2 was impregnated onto the activated carbon surface under mild hydrothermal conditions (<250°C, P ∼ 40 bars). The impregnated activated carbon samples were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM).

Keywords

Hydrothermal preparationphotocatalysisindigo carmineactivated carbonTiO2

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A K Subramani
    • 1
  • K Byrappa
    • 1
  • S Ananda
    • 1
    • 2
  • K M Lokanatha Rai
    • 1
    • 2
  • C Ranganathaiah
    • 1
    • 3
  • M Yoshimura
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of MysoreMysoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of MysoreMysoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of MysoreMysoreIndia
  4. 4.Materials Structures Laboratory, Centre for Materials DesignTokyo Institute of TechnologyYokohamaJapan