, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 262-269
Date: 12 Oct 2010

Comparative Analysis of Transduced Primary Human Dendritic Cells Generated by the Use of Three Different Lentiviral Vector Systems

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Abstract

Lentiviral gene transfer vectors are suitable for genetically modifying non-cycling primary human cells. In this study, we analyzed transduced human dendritic cells (DC) generated by the use of three different GFP-encoding lentiviral vectors, HIV-2 ROD A Δenv-GFP (ROD A), SIVsmm PBj ΔE EGFP (PBj), and SIVmac ΔE EGFP (SIVmac). CD14+ monocytes were isolated from buffy coat, transduced, and differentiated to immature and mature DC. Cytofluometric analysis of DC revealed high transduction efficiencies at MOI 1 for simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-derived vectors PBj and SIVmac ranging between 80–90 and 70–90%, respectively. In contrast, transduction with ROD A resulted only in approximately 30%-positive DC at the same MOI. Of note, none of the analyzed vectors affected expression of maturation and/or activation markers. Moreover, transduction with PBj or SIVmac did not induce significant cytokine responses whereas ROD A transduction stimulated weak interferon-alpha responses. SIVmac transduced DC showed normal phagocytosis of antigen and normal allo T cell stimulatory capacity when compared with untreated DC. Thus, the SIVmac lentiviral transduction vector is suitable for efficient genetic modification of human DC without affecting phenotype or function and thus qualifies this vector as a versatile tool for use in basic research.

Elena Grabski and Zoe Waibler contributed equally to this work.
TWINCORE is a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and The Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI).