, 30:712

High expression level of TMPRSS4 predicts adverse outcomes of colorectal cancer patients

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Transmembrane protease/serine 4 (TMPRSS4), a member of the type II transmembrane serine protease family, is highly expressed in some human cancers and involved in the EMT regulation of cancer cells. The prognostic value of TMPRSS4 in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been discussed. This study aims to evaluate the association between TMPRSS4 expressions and survival in CRC patients. Immunohistochemistry revealed high expression of TMPRSS4 in 69/122 CRC samples, compared with 14/47 in normal tissues (P < 0.01). Correlation analysis showed high expression of TMPRSS4 was significantly associated with advanced TNM stage (P = 0.011), pT (P = 0.019), pN (P = 0.035), and pM status (P = 0.004). Higher TMPRSS4 predicted shorter overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in CRC patients (P < 0.01, both). Moreover, both TMPRSS4 expression and TNM stage were independent predictive factors of OS and DFS in Cox regression analysis. The findings in our study demonstrated the potential value of TMPRSS4 expression level as a prognostic biomarker for CRC patients.

Houmin Zhou is a co-first author