Clinical significance of microsatellite instability for stage II or III colorectal cancer following adjuvant therapy with doxifluridine
First Online: 16 October 2010 Received: 22 August 2010 Accepted: 21 September 2010 DOI:
Cite this article as: Kang, B.W., Kim, J.G., Lee, S.J. et al. Med Oncol (2011) 28: 214. doi:10.1007/s12032-010-9701-2 Abstract
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a molecular marker that can provide valuable prognostic information for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the predictive role of the MSI status remains less clear than its role in prognostication due to mixed results from previous studies. Therefore, this study investigated the usefulness of the MSI status as a predictive factor for stage II or III CRC patients who received adjuvant doxifluridine therapy. Among 3030 patients with CRC who underwent surgical resection between 1997 and 2006, 564 patients were diagnosed with stage II or III, and adjuvant doxifluridine therapy was administered to 394 patients (70.0%). The MSI status was assessed using the markers BAT25 and BAT26, and samples with instability at both markers were scored as exhibiting high-frequency MSI (MSI-H). Among the 564 patients, 290 patients (51.4%) had stage II, and MSI-H was found in 41 patients (7.3%). With a median follow-up duration of 35.1 months (range, 0.5–135.2), the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate were 87.5 and 76.2%, respectively. MSI-H showed a favorable survival trend for OS (
P = 0.098) and significant survival benefit for RFS ( P = 0.037) in all patients. In a univariate analysis, the doxifluridine-treated patients with MSI-H showed improved RFS compared to those with low or stable MSI (MSI-L/S) ( P = 0.036), while the MSI status was not significantly associated with OS ( P = 0.107). In a multivariate analysis, MSI-H was not significantly associated with RFS (Hazard ratio = 2.467, P = 0.125). In conclusion, this study confirmed the positive prognostic role of MSI-H. However, MSI-H patients with stage II or III CRC did not seem to benefit from doxifluridine adjuvant therapy. Keywords Colorectal cancer Microsatellite instability Doxifluridine Adjuvant therapy
Jong Gwang Kim and Gyu-Seog Choi are contributed equally to this work.
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