Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia with Corticobasal Degeneration Pathology: Phenotypic Comparison to bvFTD with Pick’s Disease

  • Katherine P. Rankin
  • Mary Catherine Mayo
  • William W. Seeley
  • Suzee Lee
  • Gil Rabinovici
  • Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini
  • Adam L. Boxer
  • Michael W. Weiner
  • John Q. Trojanowski
  • Stephen J. DeArmond
  • Bruce L. Miller
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12031-011-9615-2

Cite this article as:
Rankin, K.P., Mayo, M.C., Seeley, W.W. et al. J Mol Neurosci (2011) 45: 594. doi:10.1007/s12031-011-9615-2

Abstract

Patients with corticobasal degeneration (CBD) pathology present with diverse clinical syndromes also associated with other neuropathologies, including corticobasal syndrome, progressive nonfluent aphasia, and an Alzheimer’s-type dementia. Some present with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), though this subtype still requires more detailed clinical characterization. All patients with CBD pathology and clinical assessment were reviewed (N = 17) and selected if they initially met criteria for bvFTD [bvFTD(CBD), N = 5]. Available bvFTD patients with Pick’s [bvFTD(Pick’s), N = 5] were selected as controls. Patients were also compared to healthy older controls [N = 53] on neuropsychological and neuroimaging measures. At initial presentation, bvFTD(CBD) showed few neuropsychological or motor differences from bvFTD(Pick’s). Neuropsychiatrically, they were predominantly apathetic with less florid social disinhibition and eating disturbances, and were more anxious than bvFTD(Pick’s) patients. Voxel-based morphometry revealed similar patterns of predominantly frontal atrophy between bvFTD groups, though overall degree of atrophy was less severe in bvFTD(CBD), who also showed comparative preservation of the frontoinsular rim, with dorsal > ventral frontal atrophy, and sparing of temporal and parietal structures relative to bvFTD(Pick’s) patients. Despite a remarkable overlap between the two patient types, bvFTD patients with underlying CBD pathology show subtle clinical features that may distinguish them from patients with Pick’s disease neuropathology.

Keywords

Corticobasal degenerationFrontotemporal dementiaBehaviorNeuropsychiatryNeuropsychologyNeuropathology

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine P. Rankin
    • 1
    • 4
  • Mary Catherine Mayo
    • 1
  • William W. Seeley
    • 1
  • Suzee Lee
    • 1
  • Gil Rabinovici
    • 1
  • Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini
    • 1
  • Adam L. Boxer
    • 1
  • Michael W. Weiner
    • 1
    • 2
  • John Q. Trojanowski
    • 3
  • Stephen J. DeArmond
    • 1
  • Bruce L. Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.San Francisco Veterans Administration HospitalSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.UCSF Department of NeurologyMemory and Aging CenterSan FranciscoUSA