Role of Central Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) in Locomotor and Anxiety- and Depression-Like Behaviors in Two Mouse Strains Exhibiting a CGRP-Dependent Difference in Thermal Pain Sensitivity
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- Schorscher-Petcu, A., Austin, JS., Mogil, J.S. et al. J Mol Neurosci (2009) 39: 125. doi:10.1007/s12031-009-9201-z
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We have previously shown that, in AKR and C57BL/6 mice, a genetic polymorphism results in differential expression of the peptide, calcitonin gene-related polypeptide (CGRP), explaining a strain difference in thermal pain sensitivity. Although CGRP is widely distributed in the brain, little is known about the effects of supraspinal CGRP. We used AKR and C57BL/6 mice as a model to explore the effects of centrally (intracerebroventricular) injected CGRP and the CGRP receptor antagonists, CGRP8–37 and BIBN4096BS, in a series of behavioral assays. Locomotor activity was significantly increased in C57BL/6 mice following the injection of BIBN4096BS and in both strains after the administration of CGRP8–37 into the third ventricle. CGRP increased paw-withdrawal latencies in C57BL/6 mice only, while decreasing depression-like behaviors in both strains in the forced-swimming test. CGRP and CGRP receptor antagonists failed to modulate activity in the elevated plus maze, a model of anxiety. Taken together, these results suggest a complex role for supraspinal CGRP systems in the regulation of locomotion, nociception, and depression-like behaviors.