, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 101-107

Localization and Mutation Detection for Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Choreoathetosis

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Abstract

Backgrounds

Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) is an autosomal-dominant movement disorder characterized by attacks of paroxysmal involuntary movements. To date, the causative gene has not been discovered.

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to localize the causative region and detect the causative mutation.

Methods

A PKC family including 16 subjects (5 cases and 11 controls) in Zhejiang Province was recruited. Nine microsatellite markers on chromosome 16 were selected and genotyped. Two-point LOD scores were calculated. After preliminary localization, CACNG3, IL4R and ABCC11 were selected as candidate genes and were detected by polymerase chain reaction-sequencing or PCR-denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (PCR-DHPLC).

Results

The maximal two-point LOD score was obtained in D16S3081 with 1.21, and haplotype analysis revealed almost all of individuals carrying 5-3-8-3-4-2-5-5-6 in D16S3093/D16S685/D16S690/D16S3081/D16S3080 D16S411/D16S3136/D16S3112/D16S3057 were affected by PKC. There were no causative mutation in CACNG3, IL4R and ABCC11 genes.

Conclusions

The culprit gene for PKC was located in ~19.34 cM region between 16p12.1–q13, and CACNG3, IL4R and ABCC11 were all ruled out as the cause.