, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 88-90
Date: 05 Dec 2009

Crossed Cerebellar Diaschisis in Status Epilepticus

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Abstract

Background

Crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) has been reported on positron-emission tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography of stroke patients. Rarely it has been described with brain diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) of status epilepticus (SE).

Methods

Case report.

Results

A 53-year-old woman was found unresponsive after cocaine use. A diagnostic electroencephalogram was consistent with ictal SE. A brain DWI showed reduced diffusion in the left temporo-parietal and occipital cortexes, the left thalamus and the right cerebellum. The DWI changes did not correspond to a vascular territory and were attributed to seizure activity and secondary CCD. A 2-week follow-up DWI showed interval near-complete resolution of the diffusion changes. CCD in SE may represent injury caused by excessive neuronal transmission from prolonged excitatory synaptic activity via the cortico-pontine-cerebellar pathway. Alternatively, it may be a result of interruption of the cortico-pontine-cerebellar pathway with loss of cortical inhibitory input.

Conclusion

This case documents CCD during SE, providing further evidence of contralateral cerebellar involvement with a supratentorial epileptiform focus.