Tako-Tsubo Cardiomyopathy Associated with Seizures
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- Lemke, D.M., Hussain, S.I., Wolfe, T.J. et al. Neurocrit Care (2008) 9: 112. doi:10.1007/s12028-008-9075-x
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Takotsubo syndrome is a reversible neuromyocardial failure that has been thought to be related to an acute catecholamine toxicity of the myocardium brought upon by a stressful event. The neurocritical care unit population is particularly vulnerable for this condition given the acute presentation of neurological emergencies, which most often can be catastrophic. We present a case series of this syndrome and a review of the literature.
Our recent experience with three cases that were prospectively identified with the diagnosis of Takotsubo syndrome is reported with clinical presentation, evaluation, and management approach. Review of the literature is presented in the discussion.
We present three episodes of Takotsubo neuromyocardial syndrome in two patients that were admitted to our neurointensive care unit that presented with seizures and had typical clinical presentation, echocardiographic and cardiac catheterization findings. All the episodes were treated with vasoactive medications, ventilatory support, afterload and preload reduction, and treatment of the underlying condition. There was complete reversal of their symptoms and findings in each episode.
Patients with critical neurological illnesses such as large ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, status epilepticus, recurrent seizure activities as in our study may be at a higher risk for Takotsubo neuromyocardial syndrome.