Original Article

Endocrine

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 83-86

Genetic variant in the aquaporin 9 gene is associated with bone mineral density in postmenopausal women

  • Suwannee ChanprasertyothinAffiliated withResearch Center, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University Email author 
  • , Sunee SaetungAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
  • , Rajata RajatanavinAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
  • , Boonsong OngphiphadhanakulAffiliated withDepartment of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University

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Abstract

This study investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the aquaporin 9 (AQP9) gene is associated with bone mineral density (BMD) in Thai postmenopausal women, after an initial genome-wide screening using high-throughput SNP genotyping in pooled DNA samples. Subjects consisted of 516 postmenopausal women aged 50 or more. High-throughput SNP screening was performed by comparing the estimated allele frequency derived from hybridization signal intensities of pooled DNA samples on the Affymetrix 500 K SNP genotyping chip set. The SNP was then genotyped for each subject individually. Data were expressed as mean ± SEM. Pooled DNA SNP screening revealed the allele frequency of an intronic A/T SNP rs2414539 in the AQP9 gene as being different between subjects with femoral neck BMD in tertiles 1 and 3. Individual genotyping in all subjects revealed that femoral neck BMD in subjects with TT, TA, and AA genotypes were 0.79 ± 0.06 (n = 3), 0.75 ± 0.01 (n = 98), and 0.71 ± 0.01 g/cm2 (n = 415), respectively. The presence of the T allele in rs2414539 was associated with femoral neck BMD (r = 0.11, P < 0.05) but not with lumbar spine BMD. The relationship was still significant after controlling for body weight and age (P < 0.05). Genetic variation in the AQP9 gene is associated with femoral neck BMD in postmenopausal women, and may represent one of the susceptibility genes for phenotypes related to bone mass.

Keywords

Aquaporin 9 (AQP9) Bone mineral density (BMD) Postmenopausal women