Perioperative stroke: Evaluation, management, and possible preventive measures
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- Kelley, R.E. Compr Ther (2002) 28: 230. doi:10.1007/s12019-002-0022-z
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Mechanisms of perioperative ischemic stroke include: hypotension, hypercoagulability, arrhythmias with embolism, or direct vascular insult. Mechanisms of perioperative hemorrhagic stroke include: use of antithrombotics, hypertension, or direct vascular insult.