Mold and Human Health: Separating the Wheat from the Chaff
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- Pettigrew, H.D., Selmi, C.F., Teuber, S.S. et al. Clinic Rev Allerg Immunol (2010) 38: 148. doi:10.1007/s12016-009-8175-5
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The term “mold” is utilized to define the ubiquitous fungal species commonly found in household dust and observed as visible multicellular filaments. Several well-defined human diseases are known to be caused or exacerbated by mold or by exposure to their byproducts. Among these, a solid connection has been established with infections, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, allergic fungal rhinosinusitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and asthma. In the past decades, other less-defined and generally false conditions have also been ascribed to mold. We will herein review and critically discuss the available evidence on the influence of mold on human health.