Immune Deficiency Disorders with Autoimmunity and Abnormalities in Immune Regulation—Monogenic Autoimmune Diseases
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Lehman, H.K. & Ballow, M. Clinic Rev Allerg Immunol (2008) 34: 141. doi:10.1007/s12016-007-8038-x
- 176 Views
Autoimmunity is frequently observed in patients with primary immune deficiency disorders. Monogenic autoimmune diseases include a group of disorders with characteristic autoimmunity and immune deficiency for which single gene defects have been identified. Currently recognized monogenic autoimmune diseases include autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis and ectodermal dystrophy, immunodysregulation polyendocrinopathy enteropathy and X-linked inheritance syndrome, autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, and interleukin-2 receptor alpha-chain deficiency. These diseases offer important insights into the mechanisms of central and peripheral immune tolerance and the pathogenesis of defects in these mechanisms.