Neuroprotective Effects of Bis(7)-tacrine in a Rat Model of Pressure-Induced Retinal Ischemia
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- Li, J., Lu, Z., Xu, L. et al. Cell Biochem Biophys (2014) 68: 275. doi:10.1007/s12013-013-9707-4
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The retinal ischemia–reperfusion model has been studied extensively and is an ideal animal model for studying clinical situations such as acute glaucoma and optic neuropathy. Our previous reports showed that bis(7)-tacrine had neuroprotective effects against glutamate-induced retinal ganglion cells damage through the drug’s anti-NMDA receptor effects. Here, we investigated whether bis(7)-tacrine protects the retina from ischemic injury in a rat model. Retinal ischemia was induced by raising the intraocular pressure to 120 mmHg for 90 min. Rats received intraperitoneal injections of 0.2 mg/kg bis(7)-tacrine or saline at 30 min before ischemia, and then twice a day after retinal ischemia. Morphometric evaluation showed that bis(7)-tacrine dramatically reduced the retinal damage compared with the control group. Moreover, bis(7)-tacrine suppressed ischemia-induced reductions in a- and b-wave amplitudes of electroretinography. Protein levels of p53, the tumor suppressor gene known to induce apoptosis, were increased after ischemic injury, and treatment with bis(7)-tacrine reduced the expression of the protein. Our results suggest that bis(7)-tacrine has a neuroprotective effect against ischemic injury in the rat retina, possibly through the drug’s anti-apoptotic effects. Bis(7)-tacrine may potentially be useful as a therapeutic drug in the management of ischemic retinal diseases.