, Volume 146, Issue 3, pp 396-401

The Interactions of Glutathione-Capped CdTe Quantum Dots with Trypsin

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Abstract

Due to their unique fluorescent properties, quantum dots present a great potential for biolabelling applications; however, the toxic interactions of quantum dots with biopolymers are little known. The toxic interactions of glutathione-capped CdTe quantum dots with trypsin were studied in this paper using synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, fluorescence emission spectra, and UV–vis absorption spectra. The interaction between CdTe quantum dots and trypsin resulted in structure changes of trypsin and inhibited trypsin's activity. Fluorescence emission spectra revealed that the quenching mechanism of trypsin by CdTe quantum dots was a static quenching process. The binding constant and the number of binding sites at 288 and 298 K were calculated to be 1.98 × 106 L mol−1 and 1.37, and 6.43 × 104 L mol−1 and 1.09, respectively. Hydrogen bonds and van der Waals' forces played major roles in this process.