Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 133, Issue 3, pp 251-254

First online:

An Experimental Study of the Effect of Strontium Pre-Treatment on Calcium Release From Carious and Non-Carious Teeth

  • Manminder RiyatAffiliated withDepartment of Biochemistry, S. G. T. Dental College, Hospital & Research Institute
  • , Dinesh Chandra SharmaAffiliated withDepartment of Biochemistry, S. G. T. Dental College, Hospital & Research Institute Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The administration of strontium salt is known to be beneficial for bones in preventing calcium loss and osteoporosis. Therefore, we decided to study if strontium treatment affects calcium release from teeth in vitro. Extracted carious as well as non-carious teeth were washed, cleaned, and dried. These were individually immersed in 25 ml of 1% lactic acid at 37ºC for 24 h, and the amount of calcium released was measured. The rate of calcium release from these teeth was again determined after their exposure to M/4 strontium chloride for 1 month at 37°C. It was found that: (1) the rate of calcium release from non-carious teeth was significantly higher than carious teeth, possibly because there was more calcium present, (2) the rate of calcium release was almost halved after strontium treatment in both groups of teeth, (3) the Vicker’s microhardness of non-carious teeth was higher than those of carious teeth, and (4) strontium treatment did not affect hardness. Strontium treatment may be beneficial in reducing loss of calcium from intact teeth—non-carious as well as carious—and this beneficial effect of strontium is unrelated to change in teeth hardness.


Dental caries Strontium Calcium release Hardness