, Volume 164, Issue 3, pp 256-267
Date: 14 Dec 2010

Cellulase Production by Streptomyces viridobrunneus SCPE-09 Using Lignocellulosic Biomass as Inducer Substrate

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An actinomycete strain, isolated from a soil sample under a sugar cane plantation in Brazil and identified as Streptomyces viridobrunneus SCPE-09, was selected as a promising cellulolytic strain, and tested for its ability to produce cellulases from agro-industrial residues. Sugar cane bagasse or wheat bran was tested as carbon source, and corn steep liquor tested as nitrogen source. Different concentrations of carbon and nitrogen were tested using factorial design to identify optimal cellulose production. The results showed that media containing wheat bran 2.0% (w/v) and corn steep liquid 0.19% (w/v) lead to the highest production, 2.0 U mL−1 of CMCase, obtained on the fifth day of fermentation. The pH and temperature profile showed optimal activity at pH 4.9 and 50°C. As for thermostability, endoglucanases were most tolerant at 50°C, retaining more than 80% of maximal activity even after 2 h of incubation. Zymogram analyses using supernatant from growth under optimized conditions revealed the presence of two CMCase bands with apparent molecular masses of 37 and 119 kDa. The combination of pH tolerance and CMCase production from agro-industrial residues by S. viridobrunneus SCPE-09 offers promise for future bioethanol biotechnologies.