, Volume 160, Issue 2, pp 350-359
Date: 24 Jul 2008

Production of Butyric Acid from Glucose and Xylose with Immobilized Cells of Clostridium tyrobutyricum in a Fibrous-bed Bioreactor

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Abstract

Butyric acid has many applications in chemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries. In the present study, Clostridium tyrobutyricum ATCC 25755 was immobilized in a fibrous-bed bioreactor to evaluate the performance of butyrate production from glucose and xylose. The results showed that the final concentration and yield of butyric acid were 13.70 and 0.46 g g−1, respectively, in batch fermentation when 30 g L−1 glucose was introduced into the bioreactor. Furthermore, high concentration 10.10 g L−1 and yield 0.40 g g−1 of butyric acid were obtained with 25 g L−1 xylose as the carbon source. The immobilized cells of C. tyrobutyricum ensured similar productivity and yield from repeated batch fermentation. In the fed-batch fermentation, the final concentration of butyric acid was further improved to 24.88 g L−1 with one suitable glucose feeding in the fibrous-bed bioreactor. C. tyrobutyricum immobilized in the fibrous-bed bioreactor would provide an economically viable fermentation process to convert the reducing sugars derived from plant biomass into the final bulk chemical (butyric acid).