Clinical Research

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 471, Issue 7, pp 2296-2302

First online:

Reason for Revision TKA Predicts Clinical Outcome: Prospective Evaluation of 150 Consecutive Patients With 2-years Followup

  • Robin W. T. M. van KempenAffiliated withSint Maartenskliniek
  • , Janneke J. P. SchimmelAffiliated withSint Maartenskliniek Email author 
  • , Gijs G. van HellemondtAffiliated withSint Maartenskliniek
  • , Hilde VandenneuckerAffiliated withUniversity Hospital Leuven
  • , Ate B. WymengaAffiliated withSint Maartenskliniek

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Abstract

Background

There is limited knowledge regarding the relationship between the reason for revising a TKA and the clinical outcome in terms of satisfaction, pain, and function with time.

Questions/purposes

In a cohort of patients receiving a fully revised TKA, we hypothesized (1) outcomes would differ according to reason for revision at 2 years, (2) outcomes would improve gradually during those 2 years, (3) rates of complications differ depending on the reason for revision, and (4) patients with complications have lower scores.

Methods

We studied a prospective cohort of 150 patients receiving a fully revised TKA using a single implant system in two high-volume centers at 24 months of followup. VAS satisfaction, VAS pain, The Knee Society Scoring System© (KSS) clinical and functional scores, and complication rate were correlated with their reasons for revision, including septic loosening, aseptic loosening, component malposition, instability, and stiffness.

Results

The aseptic loosening group showed better outcomes compared with the instability, malposition, and septic loosening groups, which showed intermediate results (p < 0.05). The stiffness group performed significantly worse on all outcome measures. The outcome for patients with a complication, after treatment of the complication, was less favorable.

Conclusions

The reason for revision TKA predicts clinical outcomes. Satisfaction, pain reduction, and functional improvement are better and complication rates are lower after revision TKA for aseptic loosening than for other causes of failure. For component malposition, instability, and septic loosening groups, there may be more pain and a higher complication rate. For stiffness, the outcomes are less favorable in all scores.

Level of Evidence

Level III, prognostic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.