Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 471, Issue 5, pp 1465–1471

Tibia Vara Affects the Aspect Ratio of Tibial Resected Surface in Female Japanese Patients Undergoing TKA

  • Shigeshi Mori
  • Masao Akagi
  • Shigeki Asada
  • Tetsunao Matsushita
  • Kazuhiko Hashimoto
Symposium: Special Considerations for TKA in Asian Patients

DOI: 10.1007/s11999-013-2800-6

Cite this article as:
Mori, S., Akagi, M., Asada, S. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2013) 471: 1465. doi:10.1007/s11999-013-2800-6

Abstract

Background

Tibia vara seen in Japanese patients reportedly influences the tibial component alignment when performing TKA. However, it is unclear whether tibia vara affects the component position and size selection.

Questions/purposes

We therefore determined (1) the amount of medial tibial bow, (2) whether the tibia vara influences the aspect ratio of the tibial resected surface in aligning the tibial component with the tibial shaft axis, and (3) whether currently available tibial components fit the shapes of resected proximal tibias in terms of aspect ratio.

Methods

We measured the tibia vara angle (TVA), proximal varus angle (PVA), and the mediolateral and middle AP dimensions of the resected surface using three-dimensional preoperative planning software in 90 knees of 74 female patients with varus osteoarthritis. We determined the correlations of the aspect ratio with TVA or PVA and compared the aspect ratios to those of five prosthesis designs.

Results

The mean TVA and PVA were 0.6° and 2.0°, respectively. The aspect ratio negatively correlated with both TVA and PVA (r = −0.53 and −0.55, respectively). The mean aspect ratio of the resected surface was 1.48 but gradually decreased with increasing AP dimension, whereas four of the five prostheses had a constant aspect ratio.

Conclusions

The aspect ratio of resected tibial surface was inversely correlated to the degree of tibia vara, and currently available prosthesis designs do not fit well to the resected surface in terms of aspect ratio.

Clinical Relevance

The design of a tibial component with a smaller aspect ratio could be developed to obtain better bone coverage in Japanese patients.

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigeshi Mori
    • 1
  • Masao Akagi
    • 1
  • Shigeki Asada
    • 1
  • Tetsunao Matsushita
    • 1
  • Kazuhiko Hashimoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryKinki University Faculty of MedicineOsaka-Sayama CityJapan