Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 470, Issue 8, pp 2111–2115

Is Application of an Internal Anterior Pelvic Fixator Anatomically Feasible?

  • David J. Merriman
  • William M. Ricci
  • Christopher M. McAndrew
  • Michael J. Gardner
Symposium: Disruptions of the Pelvic Ring: An Update

DOI: 10.1007/s11999-012-2287-6

Cite this article as:
Merriman, D.J., Ricci, W.M., McAndrew, C.M. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2012) 470: 2111. doi:10.1007/s11999-012-2287-6

Abstract

Background

Spinal hardware has been adapted for fixation in the setting of anterior pelvic injury. This anterior subcutaneous pelvic fixator consists of pedicle screws placed in the supraacetabular region connected by a contoured connecting rod placed subcutaneously and above the abdominal muscle fascia.

Questions/purposes

We examined the placement of the components for anterior subcutaneous pelvic fixator relative to key vascular, urologic, bony, and surface structures.

Methods

We measured the CT scans of 13 patients after placement of the pelvic fixator to determine the shortest distances between the fixator components and important anatomic structures: the femoral vascular bundle, the urinary bladder, the cranial margin of the hip, the screw insertion point on the bony pelvis, the relationship between the pedicle screw and the corridor of bone in which it resided, and the position relative to the skin.

Results

The average distance from the vascular bundle to the pedicle screw was 4.1 cm and 2.2 cm to the connecting rod. The average distance from the connecting rod to the anterior edge of the bladder was 2.6 cm. The average distance from the screw insertion point to the hip was 2.4 cm; none penetrated the hip. The average screw was in bone for 5.9 cm. The pedicle screws were on average 2.1 cm under the skin. The average distance from the anterior skin to the connecting rod was 2.7 cm.

Conclusions

Components of this anterior pelvic fixator are close to important anatomic structures. Careful adherence to the surgical technique should minimize potential risk.

Level of Evidence

Level IV, retrospective study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Merriman
    • 1
  • William M. Ricci
    • 1
  • Christopher M. McAndrew
    • 1
  • Michael J. Gardner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryWashington University in St LouisSt LouisUSA

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