Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 470, Issue 1, pp 69–76

Lateral Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Relieves Pain and Improves Function in Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis

  • Sebastien Lustig
  • Sebastien Parratte
  • Robert A. Magnussen
  • Jean-Noel Argenson
  • Philippe Neyret
Symposium: Papers Presented at the Annual Meetings of The Knee Society

DOI: 10.1007/s11999-011-1963-2

Cite this article as:
Lustig, S., Parratte, S., Magnussen, R.A. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2012) 470: 69. doi:10.1007/s11999-011-1963-2

Abstract

Background

Posttraumatic arthritis secondary to lateral tibial plateau fracture malunion causes pain and limited function for patients. It is sometimes technically challenging to correct malalignment in these patients with advanced arthritis using osteotomies. Lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may be an option to treat such patients.

Questions/purposes

We asked whether UKA for lateral posttraumatic osteoarthritis (1) reliably alleviates pain and improve function, (2) restores lower limb alignment, and (3) is as durable as UKA for primary lateral osteoarthritis.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 13 patients with lateral cemented UKA (mean age at surgery, 50.1 years) treated at two institutions between 1985 and 2007. We obtained Knee Society scores and evaluated radiographs for evidence of implant loosening or progression of arthritis in the medial compartment. Minimum followup was 3 years (mean, 10.2 years; range, 3–22.1 years).

Results

Mean Knee Society knee score improved from 51 points (range, 29–75 points) preoperatively to 88 points (range, 65–100 points) at last followup, suggesting the procedure relieved pain. Mean function score improved from 51 points (range, 10–89 points) preoperatively to 87 points (range, 35–100 points) at last followup. The mean hip-knee-ankle angle was 188° preoperatively (range, 184°–193º) and 185° (range, 183°–188°) at last followup. Prosthesis survivorship was 100% at 5 and 10 years and 80% at 15 years.

Conclusions

Despite the limited number of indications and technical considerations, our observations suggest lateral UKA is a reasonable option for treating lateral arthritis secondary to malunited fractures.

Level of Evidence

Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sebastien Lustig
    • 1
  • Sebastien Parratte
    • 2
  • Robert A. Magnussen
    • 1
  • Jean-Noel Argenson
    • 2
  • Philippe Neyret
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique, Hôpital de la Croix RousseLyon UniversityLyonFrance
  2. 2.Center for Arthritis Surgery, Hôpital Sainte-MargueriteAix-Marseille UniversityMarseilleFrance