Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 470, Issue 1, pp 166–171

Decreased Length of Stay After TKA Is Not Associated With Increased Readmission Rates in a National Medicare Sample

  • John S. Vorhies
  • Yun Wang
  • James H. Herndon
  • William J. Maloney
  • James I. Huddleston
Symposium: Papers Presented at the Annual Meetings of The Knee Society

DOI: 10.1007/s11999-011-1957-0

Cite this article as:
Vorhies, J.S., Wang, Y., Herndon, J.H. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2012) 470: 166. doi:10.1007/s11999-011-1957-0

Abstract

Background

There is a trend toward decreasing length of hospital stay (LOS) after TKA although it is unclear whether this trend is detrimental to the overall postoperative course. Such information is important for future decisions related to cost containment.

Questions/purposes

We determined whether decreases in LOS after TKA are associated with increases in readmission rates.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the rates and reasons for readmission and LOS for 4057 Medicare TKA patients from 2002 to 2007. We abstracted data from the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to assess the odds of changing readmission rates and LOS over time, controlling for changes in patient demographic and clinical variables.

Results

The overall readmission rate in the 30 days after discharge was 228/4057 (5.6%). The 10 most common reasons for readmission were congestive heart failure (20.4%), chronic ischemic heart disease (13.9%), cardiac dysrhythmias (12.5%), pneumonia (10.8%), osteoarthrosis (9.4%), general symptoms (7.4%), acute myocardial infarction (7.0%), care involving other specified rehabilitation procedure (6.3%), diabetes mellitus (6.3%), and disorders of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance (5.9%); the top 10 causes did not include venous thromboembolism syndromes. We found no difference in the readmission rate between the periods 2002–2004 (5.5%) and 2005–2007 (5.8%) but a reduction in LOS between the periods 2002–2004 (4.1 ± 2.0 days) and 2005–2007 (3.8 ± 1.7 days).

Conclusions

The most common causes for readmission were cardiac-related. A reduction in LOS was not associated with an increase in the readmission rate in this sample. Optimization of cardiac status before discharge and routine primary care physician followup may lead to lower readmission rates.

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Vorhies
    • 1
  • Yun Wang
    • 2
    • 3
  • James H. Herndon
    • 4
  • William J. Maloney
    • 1
  • James I. Huddleston
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryStanford Medicine Outpatient CenterRedwood CityUSA
  2. 2.Qualidigm, Inc MiddletonUSA
  3. 3.Harvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryMassachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA