Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 467, Issue 12, pp 3104–3112

OP-1 Augments Glucocorticoid-inhibited Fracture Healing in a Rat Fracture Model

  • Robert S. Gilley
  • Larry J. Wallace
  • Craig A. Bourgeault
  • Louis S. Kidder
  • Joan E. Bechtold
Symposium: Tribute to Dr. Marshall Urist: Musculoskeletal Growth Factors

DOI: 10.1007/s11999-009-0782-1

Cite this article as:
Gilley, R.S., Wallace, L.J., Bourgeault, C.A. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2009) 467: 3104. doi:10.1007/s11999-009-0782-1

Abstract

Glucocorticoids inhibit bone remodeling and fracture healing. We sought to determine whether osteogenic protein 1 (OP-1) can overcome this inhibition in a closed fracture model in the rat. Time-released prednisolone or placebo pellets were implanted subcutaneously; closed femoral fractures were created 2 weeks later in rats. Fractures received sham, OP-1 and collagen, or collagen-only implants. Femurs were harvested at 3, 10, 21, 28, and 42 days postfracture. Fractures were examined radiographically for amount of hard callus; mechanically for torque and stiffness (also expressed as a percentage of the contralateral intact femur); and histomorphometrically for amount of cartilaginous and noncartilaginous soft callus, hard callus, and total callus. Glucocorticoid administration inhibited fracture healing. The application of a devitalized Type I collagen matrix mitigated the inhibitory effects of prednisolone on fracture healing However, further increases in indices of fracture healing were observed when OP-1 was added to the collagen matrix compared with collagen alone. OP-1 and collagen was more effective than collagen alone.

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert S. Gilley
    • 1
    • 3
  • Larry J. Wallace
    • 1
  • Craig A. Bourgeault
    • 2
  • Louis S. Kidder
    • 2
  • Joan E. Bechtold
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of MinnesotaSt PaulUSA
  2. 2.Orthopaedic Biomechanics LaboratoryMidwest Orthopaedic Research Foundation and Minneapolis Medical Research FoundationMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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