Letter to the Editor: Cemented Hemiarthroplasty Confers Less Pain and Better Mobility than Uncemented Hemiarthroplasty
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- Cai, XZ., Chen, XZ. & Yan, SG. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2009) 467: 582. doi:10.1007/s11999-008-0644-2
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To the Editor:
We read with interest the article, “Systematic Review of Cemented and Uncemented Hemiarthroplasty Outcomes for Femoral Neck Fractures” by Ahn et al. , which concluded there was no significant difference between cemented and uncemented techniques for reported outcome measurements of femoral neck fractures. Respecting the highly influential status of systematic review in the hierarchy of evidence, we wish to bring attention to three important issues.
First, seven trials, two randomized controlled trials [RCT] [15, 16], and five retrospective trials [6, 8, 14, 18, 19] could have been retrieved and included in the meta-analysis. In addition, one RCT  was retrieved but not included. The authors arbitrarily searched the literature after 1980 while missing two classic trials [15, 19] before 1980. As a result, there is a definite bias of selection that may lead to an inappropriate conclusion. Unfortunately, no detailed reasons were provided to justify their search strategy.
Second, we would like to offer some observations regarding their data extraction (see Supplementary website material) and pooled analysis. (1) The data referring to Eiskjaer et al.  was in fact extracted from another article from Eiskjaer and Østgård . A similar instance is seen with Lausten et al. , which should be replaced by the earlier article by Lausten and Vedel . (2) It appears the authors neglected the cemented group with Hastings prosthesis in the article by Eiskjaer and Østgård . The mortality of this group was not included. Also, neither the revision rate nor the followup was extracted. (3) Gebhard et al.  reported six revisions in each group by 1 year. However, these data were mistakenly included in the column, “Complication” of their Supplementary Website Material. (4) The authors failed to explain why 15 cemented cases and 61 uncemented cases with thigh pain were not included in the subgroup of Lo et al. . (5) In the report by Sonne-Holm et al. , 11 deaths that occurred in each group by 6 weeks were not listed in their Supplementary Website Material. Also, Sonne-Holm et al. noted only 30% of the patients with cemented prostheses (12 patients) reported pain compared with 60% of the patients with uncemented prostheses (21 patients) after 6 months. The result contradicts those of 23 cases versus 13 cases extracted by Ahn et al. . (6) There were actually three revisions reported by Dorr et al.  instead of four revisions. (7) The correct order of Fig. 2 in the meta-analysis  should be “(A) intermediate mortality,” “(B) long-term mortality,” “(C) perioperative mortality,” “(D) complications,” “(E) pain,” and “(F) revision.” (8) The mortality data within 1 month by Foster et al.  should have been included in the subanalysis for perioperative mortality, not that for intermediate followup.