Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

, Volume 466, Issue 9, pp 2238–2246

Prospective Comparison of Auto and Allograft Hamstring Tendon Constructs for ACL Reconstruction

Authors

  • Cory M. Edgar
    • Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryBoston University Medical Center
  • Scott Zimmer
    • Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryBoston University Medical Center
  • Sanjeev Kakar
    • Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryBoston University Medical Center
  • Hugh Jones
    • Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryBoston University Medical Center
    • Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryBoston University Medical Center
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11999-008-0305-5

Cite this article as:
Edgar, C.M., Zimmer, S., Kakar, S. et al. Clin Orthop Relat Res (2008) 466: 2238. doi:10.1007/s11999-008-0305-5

Abstract

Although allograft use for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has continued to increase during the last 10 years, concerns remain regarding the long-term function of allografts (primarily that they may stretch with time) and clinical efficacy compared with autograft tendons. We attempted to address these issues by prospectively comparing identical quadrupled hamstring autografts with allograft constructs for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in patients with a minimum followup of 3 years. Eighty-four patients (37 with autografts and 47 with allografts) were enrolled; the mean followup was 52 ± 11 months for the autograft group and 48 ± 8 months for the allograft group. Outcome measurements included objective and subjective International Knee Documentation Committee scores, Lysholm scores, Tegner activity scales, and KT-1000 arthrometer measurements. The two cohorts were similar in average age, acute or chronic nature of the anterior cruciate ligament rupture, and incidence of concomitant meniscal surgeries. At final followup, we found no difference in terms of Tegner, Lysholm, KT-1000, or International Knee Documentation Committee scores. Five anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions failed: three in the autograft group and two in the allograft group. Our data suggest laxity is not increased in allograft tendons compared with autografts and clinical outcome scores 3 to 6 years after surgery are similar.

Level of Evidence: Level II, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons 2008