, Volume 466, Issue 4, pp 990-996
Date: 25 Jan 2008

Case Report

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Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited disorder characterized by defective skeletal mineralization and low alkaline phosphatase activities in the serum. The genetic cause of hypophosphatasia is believed related to inactivating mutations in the TNSALP gene, encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase. Another rare inheritable disease, Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, leads to premature fusion of the cranial sutures caused by heterozygous mutations of the human TWIST1 gene. Because the two disorders apparently are not genetically related (only reported individually) yet both involve defective skeletal formation, we believe it is important to report our findings on a patient harboring mutations of TNSALP and TWIST1.

Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (eg, consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the reporting of this case report, that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research, and that informed consent for participation in the study was obtained.