Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 1141–1164

Midstream Modulation in Biotechnology Industry: Redefining What is ‘Part of the Job’ of Researchers in Industry

Authors

    • Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Biotechnology, Section Biotechnology and SocietyDelft University of Technology
    • CSG Centre for Society and the Life Sciences
    • Kluyver Centre for Genomics of Industrial Fermentation
  • Maarten C. A. van der Sanden
    • Faculty of Applied Sciences, Science Education and CommunicationDelft University of Technology
  • Patricia Osseweijer
    • Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Biotechnology, Section Biotechnology and SocietyDelft University of Technology
    • CSG Centre for Society and the Life Sciences
    • Kluyver Centre for Genomics of Industrial Fermentation
    • BE-Basic
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11948-012-9411-6

Cite this article as:
Flipse, S.M., van der Sanden, M.C.A. & Osseweijer, P. Sci Eng Ethics (2013) 19: 1141. doi:10.1007/s11948-012-9411-6

Abstract

In response to an increasing amount of policy papers stressing the need for integrating social and ethical aspects in Research and Development (R&D) practices, science studies scholars have conducted integrative research and experiments with science and innovation actors. One widely employed integration method is Midstream Modulation (MM), in which an ‘embedded humanist’ interacts in regular meetings with researchers to engage them with the social and ethical aspects of their work. While the possibility of using MM to enhance critical reflection has been demonstrated in academic settings, few attempts have been made to examine its appropriateness in industry. This paper describes the outcomes of a case study aiming to find out firstly whether MM can effectively be deployed to encourage and facilitate researchers to actively include social and ethical aspects in their daily R&D practice, and secondly to what extent the integration activities could form an integral part of the engaged industrial researchers’ professional activities. Our data show that after MM, researchers display increased reflexive awareness on the social and ethical aspects of their work and acknowledge the relevance and utility of such aspects on their daily practice. Also, all participants considered actively reflecting on social and ethical aspects to be part of their work. Future research on the role of MM in industrial settings could focus on how to embed social and ethical integration as a regular part of innovation practice. We suggest that one possibility would be through aligning social and ethical aspects with innovation Key Performance Indicators.

Keywords

Midstream modulationEthics of science & technologyUpstream engagement in industryResponsible innovation

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012