Academic Integrity in a Mandatory Physics Lab: The Influence of Post-Graduate Aspirations and Grade Point Averages
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Research on academic cheating by high school students and undergraduates suggests that many students will do whatever it takes, including violating ethical classroom standards, to not be left behind or to race to the top. This behavior may be exacerbated among pre-med and pre-health professional school students enrolled in laboratory classes because of the typical disconnect between these students, their instructors and the perceived legitimacy of the laboratory work. There is little research, however, that has investigated the relationship between high aspirations and academic conduct. This study fills this research gap by investigating the beliefs, perceptions and self-reported academic conduct of highly aspirational students and their peers in mandatory physics labs. The findings suggest that physics laboratory classes may face particular challenges with highly aspirational students and cheating, but the paper offers practical solutions for addressing them.
- American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. (n.d.). Pharmacy school admissions requirements 2010–2011. http://www.aacp.org/resources/student/pharmacyforyou/admissions/Documents/PSAR1011_Table8.pdf . Accessed 5 February 2011.
- American Dental Education Association. (2007). ADEA’s official guide to dental schools 2007. http://www.dentalstudentbooks.com/dental_school_statistics.html. Accessed 5 February 2011.
- Anderson, M. S. (2011). Research misconduct and misbehavior. In T. B. Gallant (Ed.), Creating the ethical academy: A systems approach to understanding misconduct and empowering change in higher education (pp. 83–96). New York: Routledge.
- Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry. (2009). Schools and colleges of optometry: Admissions requirements 2009–2010. http://www.opted.org/files/public/Admission_Requirements_09-10.pdf. Accessed 5 February 2011.
- Balduf, M. (2009). Underachievement among college students. Journal of Advanced Academics, 20(2), 274–294. CrossRef
- Berkowitz, A. D. (2004). The social norms approach: Theory, research, and annotated bibliography. http://www.alanberkowitz.com/articles/social_norms.pdf. Accessed 4 August 2011.
- Bertram Gallant, T. (2007). The complexity of integrity culture change: A case study of a liberal arts college. The Review of Higher Education, 30(4), 391–411.
- Callahan, D. (2004). The cheating culture. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, Inc.
- Cassady, J. C. (2001). Self-reported GPA and SAT: a methodological note. Practical assessment, research & evaluation, 7 (12). http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=7&n=12 . Accessed 1 August 2010.
- Chance, Z., Norton, M. I., Gino, F., & Ariely, D. (2011). Temporal view of the costs and benefits of self-deception. PNAS early edition, 1–5 March 2011.
- Conrad, P. (1986). The myth of cut-throats among premedical students: On the role of stereotypes in justifying failure and success. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 27, 150–160. CrossRef
- Davis, S. F., Drinan, P., & Bertram Gallant, T. (2009). Cheating in school: What we know and what we can do. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. CrossRef
- Davis, S. F., Grover, C. A., Becker, A. H., & McGregor, L. N. (1992). Academic dishonesty: Prevalence, determinants, techniques, and punishments. Teaching of Psychology, 19, 16–20. CrossRef
- Del Carlo, D. I., & Bodner, G. M. (2003). Students’ perceptions of academic dishonesty in the chemistry classroom laboratory. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 41(1), 47–64. CrossRef
- Dobbins, G. H., Farh, J. L., & Werbel, J. D. (1993). The influence of self-monitoring and inflation of grade-point averages for research and selection purposes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 23, 321–334. CrossRef
- Eccles, J. S., & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational beliefs, values, and goals. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 109–132. CrossRef
- Finn, K. V., & Frone, M. R. (2004). Academic performance and cheating: Moderating role of school identification and self-efficacy. Journal of Educational Research, 97, 115–122. CrossRef
- Hard, S. F., Conway, J. M., & Moran, A. C. (2006). Faculty and college student beliefs about the frequency of student academic misconduct. The Journal of Higher Education, 77(6), 1058–1080. CrossRef
- Harding, T. S., Carpenter, D. D., Finelli, C. J., & Passow, H. J. (2004). Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory study. Science and Engineering Ethics, 10(2), 311–324. CrossRef
- Josephson Institute. (2010). The ethics of american youth: 2010. http://charactercounts.org/programs/reportcard/2010/installment02_report-card_honesty-integrity.html. Accessed 4 March 2011.
- Kortemeyer, G. (2007). The challenge of teaching introductory physics to premedical students. Physics Teacher, 45(9), 552–557. CrossRef
- McCabe, D. L. (2005a). Cheating among college and university students: A North American perspective. International Journal of Educational Integrity, 1(1), 1–11.
- McCabe, D. L. (2005b). It takes a village: Academic dishonesty. Liberal education, 91, 26–31.
- McCabe, D. L., & Trevino, L. K. (1997). Individual and contextual influences on academic dishonesty: A multicampus investigation. Research in Higher Education, 38(3), 379–396. CrossRef
- Milham, J. (1974). Two components of need for approval score and their relationship to cheating following success and failure. Journal of Research in Personality, 8, 378–392. CrossRef
- Murdock, T. B., Hale, N. M., & Weber, M. J. (2001). Predictors of cheating among early adolescents: Academic and social motivations. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 26, 96–115. CrossRef
- Nonis, S., & Swift, C. O. (2001). An examination of the relationship between academic dishonesty and workplace dishonesty: A multicampus investigation. Journal of Education for Business, 76, 69–77. CrossRef
- Sims, R. L. (1993). The relationship between academic dishonesty and unethical business practices. Journal of Education for Business, 68, 207–211. CrossRef
- Thompson, E. R., & Phua, F. T. T. (2005). Reliability among senior managers of the Marlowe-Crowne short-form social desirability scale. Journal of Business and Psychology, 19(4), 541–554. CrossRef
- Academic Integrity in a Mandatory Physics Lab: The Influence of Post-Graduate Aspirations and Grade Point Averages
Science and Engineering Ethics
Volume 19, Issue 1 , pp 219-235
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Academic integrity
- Physics labs
- Pre-medical students
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Academic Integrity Office, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0069, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0069, USA
- 2. Physics Department, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0319, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0319, USA
- 3. Undergraduate Admissions, University of San Diego, 5998 Alcala Park, San Diego, CA, 92110, USA