Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 139–160

Predicting the Long-Term Effects of Human-Robot Interaction: A Reflection on Responsibility in Medical Robotics

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11948-011-9301-3

Cite this article as:
Datteri, E. Sci Eng Ethics (2013) 19: 139. doi:10.1007/s11948-011-9301-3


This article addresses prospective and retrospective responsibility issues connected with medical robotics. It will be suggested that extant conceptual and legal frameworks are sufficient to address and properly settle most retrospective responsibility problems arising in connection with injuries caused by robot behaviours (which will be exemplified here by reference to harms occurred in surgical interventions supported by the Da Vinci robot, reported in the scientific literature and in the press). In addition, it will be pointed out that many prospective responsibility issues connected with medical robotics are nothing but well-known robotics engineering problems in disguise, which are routinely addressed by roboticists as part of their research and development activities: for this reason they do not raise particularly novel ethical issues. In contrast with this, it will be pointed out that novel and challenging prospective responsibility issues may emerge in connection with harmful events caused by normal robot behaviours. This point will be illustrated here in connection with the rehabilitation robot Lokomat.


Responsibility in medical roboticsRobo-ethicsEthical issues concerning rehabilitation roboticsLiability in robotic-assisted surgeryPhilosophy of science

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Umane per la Formazione “R. Massa”Università degli Studi di Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly