Science and Engineering Ethics

, 15:545

The Legacy of the Hwang Case: Research Misconduct in Biosciences

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11948-009-9121-x

Cite this article as:
Kakuk, P. Sci Eng Ethics (2009) 15: 545. doi:10.1007/s11948-009-9121-x

Abstract

This paper focuses on the infamous case of Hwang Woo Suk, the South-Korean national hero and once celebrated pioneer of stem cell research. After briefly discussing the evolution of his publication and research scandal in Science, I will attempt to outline the main reactions that emerged within scientific and bioethical discourses on the problem of research misconduct in contemporary biosciences. What were the ethical lapses in his research? What kind of research misconduct has been identified? How this kind of misconduct affects scientific integrity? How to avoid it? Focusing on these questions, the paper interprets the Hwang’s case as a case study that might shed light on the worst aspects of highstakes global science. This case presents a group of problems that might endanger scientific integrity and public trust. Regulatory oversight, ethical requirements and institutional safeguards are often viewed by the scientific community as merely decelerating scientific progress and causing delays in the application of treatments. The Hwang’s case represents how unimpeded progress works in contemporary science. Thus, the case might shed light on the often neglected benefits of “the social control of science”.

Keywords

Hwang Woo SukStem-cell researchResearch misconductFabricationScientific integrity

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioural Sciences, Medical and Health Sciences CentreUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  2. 2.Center for Ethics and Law in BiomedicineCentral European UniversityBudapestHungary