Radiobiology and gray science: Flaws in landmark new radiation protections
- Dr. Kristin Shrader-Frechette
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The International Commission on Radiological Protection — whose regularly updated recommendations are routinely adopted as law throughout the globe — recently issued the first-ever ICRP protections for the environment. These draft 2005 proposals are significant both because they offer the commission’s first radiation protections for any non-human parts of the planet and because they will influence both the quality of radiation risk assessment and environmental protection, as well as the global costs of nuclear-weapons cleanup, reactor decommissioning and radioactive waste management. This piece argues that the 2005 recommendations are scientifically and ethically flawed, or gray, in at least three respects: first, in largely ignoring scientific journals while employing mainly “gray literature;” second, in relying on non-transparent dose estimates and models, rather than on actual radiation measurements; and third, in ignoring classical ethical constraints on acceptable radiation risk.
- International Commission on Radiological Protection (2005) Draft for Consultation: 2005 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, Stockholm, ICRP; available at 〈http://www.icrp.org/docs/2005_recs_CONSULTATION_Draft1a.pdf>http://www.icrp.org/docs/2005_recs_CONSULTATION_Draft1a.pdf〉.
- Clarke, Roger (1999) Control of low-level radiation exposure: time for a change? Journal of Radiological Protection 19: 107–15. CrossRef
- ICRP (1991) Recommendations of the ICRP, Pergamon, New York; ICRP (1998) ICRP: History, Policies, Procedures, Elsevier, Oxford.
- Moore, George Edward (1951) Principia Ethica, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Radiobiology and gray science: Flaws in landmark new radiation protections
Science and Engineering Ethics
Volume 11, Issue 2 , pp 167-169
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
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- ecological risk assessment
- International Commission on Radiological Protection
- public health
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Philosophy and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, 100 Malloy Hall, 46556, Notre Dame, IN, USA