Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 327–336

Conflicts of interest in Germany: A legal perspective


DOI: 10.1007/s11948-002-0052-z

Cite this article as:
Lux, C. SCI ENG ETHICS (2002) 8: 327. doi:10.1007/s11948-002-0052-z


In spite of recent efforts to promote cooperation between universities and industry, Germany still lacks a sufficient legal framework for regulating potential conflicts of interest resulting from university-industry cooperation. Prospective regulation of conflicts of interest has to take into account specific constraints imposed by the German constitution. It has to follow stringent procedural and material requirements and carefully weigh the individual researcher’s right to academic freedom against the public demand for objectivity in research. Because of this cautious consideration of the conflicting interests constitutionally mandated in Germany, a potential regulation legitimate in this country may serve as a model for other countries facing the need of the adoption of such a regulation.


conflict of interest academic freedom university industry law Germany 

Copyright information

© Opragen Publications 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CologneGermany

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