Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 215-218

First online:

Ethical decision-making in research: Identifying all competing interests

Commentary on “six domains of research ethics” (K.D. Pimple)
  • Michael KalichmanAffiliated withResearch Ethics Program, University of California Email author 

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Ethical dilemmas are the result of conflicts between potential benefits or harms for two or more competing interests. Therefore, ethical decision-making implies a responsibility to identify those interests, harms, and benefits. For this purpose, researchers have responsibilities to the research, the subjects of research, other researchers, the institution, society, the environment, and self.


responsible conduct of research (RCR) ethical decision-making research ethics