Neurocritical Care for Neonates
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- Glass, H.C., Bonifacio, S.L., Shimotake, T. et al. Curr Treat Options Neurol (2011) 13: 574. doi:10.1007/s11940-011-0144-7
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Neurocritical care is an emerging subspecialty that combines expertise in neurology, critical care medicine, neuroradiology, and neurosurgery. Increasing evidence from the adult literature suggests that specialized neurocritical care can lead to improved outcomes following acute brain injury. Critically ill neonates with neurologic conditions may also benefit from specialized neurocritical care. Adherence to guidelines and managing patients in intensive care nurseries with dedicated, multidisciplinary neurocritical care personnel may optimize outcomes. This goal may be achieved by more quickly recognizing neurologic impairment, preventing secondary brain injury by maintaining basic physiologic functions, and rapidly implementing therapies. Nurseries that care for neonates with suspected acute brain injury should be prepared to adequately support multiorgan involvement, monitor the brain to detect seizures, evaluate for brain injury using MRI, and follow development through school age.