Current Treatment Options in Neurology

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 309–317

Status epilepticus

  • Elizabeth J. Waterhouse

DOI: 10.1007/s11940-002-0031-3

Cite this article as:
Waterhouse, E.J. Curr Treat Options Neurol (2002) 4: 309. doi:10.1007/s11940-002-0031-3

Opinion statement

Status epilepticus (SE) is a common neurologic emergency with a high mortality. Immediate recognition and rapid treatment are essential. After initial stabilization of airway and circulation, the patient should be treated as soon as possible with an intravenous (IV) benzodiazepine, followed immediately by IV fosphenytoin. If SE persists, general anesthesia should be initiated, with intubation and cardiac monitoring. Electroencephalogram must also be monitored to ensure suppression of all seizures. Etiology of SE should be assessed through history, examination, blood tests, and brain imaging.

Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth J. Waterhouse
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyVirginia Commonwealth University School of MedicineRichmondUSA

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