, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 309-317

Status epilepticus

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Opinion statement

Status epilepticus (SE) is a common neurologic emergency with a high mortality. Immediate recognition and rapid treatment are essential. After initial stabilization of airway and circulation, the patient should be treated as soon as possible with an intravenous (IV) benzodiazepine, followed immediately by IV fosphenytoin. If SE persists, general anesthesia should be initiated, with intubation and cardiac monitoring. Electroencephalogram must also be monitored to ensure suppression of all seizures. Etiology of SE should be assessed through history, examination, blood tests, and brain imaging.