Surgical therapy for colitis cystica profunda and solitary rectal ulcer syndrome
The initial treatment for patients with colitis cystica profunda is aimed at reeducation of bowel habits to avoid straining. Patients are instructed to spend the minimum time on the commode. A highfiber diet with bulk laxatives is recommended. If fiber does not work, polyethylene glycol solutions and surfaceactive stool softeners such as docusate sodium are tried. Conservative therapy resolves most symptoms. Biofeedback is offered to patients who fail dietary therapy.
For patients with associated rectal prolapse, an operation designed to correct the intussusception is considered. For fullthickness prolapse (procidentia) a mucosal resection (Delorme) or perineal proctectomy (Altemeier) is recommended. Surgical treatment of internal (occult) prolapse is problematic. If attempted, a resection and suture rectopexy has the most support.
In the absence of procidentia, transanal excision may be used in selected patients.
If other measures fail, a mucosal sleeve resection with coloanal pullthrough or a diverting colostomy may be considered.