Fulminant ulcerative colitis
- Cite this article as:
- Wong, C.K.W. & Yacyshyn, B.R. Curr Treat Options Gastro (2000) 3: 217. doi:10.1007/s11938-000-0025-8
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Fulminant ulcerative colitis necessitates immediate hospitalization.
Supportive therapy such as aggressive rehydration, restriction of oral intake, and consideration of parenteral nutrition should be initiated.
High-dose intravenous steroids should be started in almost all cases.
Antibiotics and cyclosporine should be considered, especially in disease refractory to steroid therapy.
Indications for surgery should always be kept in mind, and early involvement of the surgical team is always encouraged.
Avoidance of life-threatening complications such as toxic megacolon, hemorrhage, and perforation is the goal of any treatment for fulminant ulcerative colitis.