Date: 29 May 2008

Current treatment options for intracerebral hemorrhage

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Opinion statement

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains the least treatable form of stroke. Despite ongoing attempts to find effective interventions based on the physiopathologic understanding of this disease, evidence-based medical therapies for ICH are limited to recommendations on blood pressure (BP) reduction, intracranial pressure monitoring, osmotherapy with adequate fluid resuscitation, fever and glycemic control, and seizure prophylaxis. Although the value of surgical treatment remains in doubt because of the negative results of the International Surgical Trial in Intracerebral Haemorrhage (STICH), a subgroup analysis of this study suggested better outcomes among patients with superficial hematomas who underwent surgical evacuation, supporting the ongoing STICH-II trial. Other approaches currently under study include ultra-early hemostatic therapy and BP reduction, thrombolytic therapy for intraventricular hemorrhage, and minimally invasive surgical approaches.