Does the extraperitoneal laparoscopic approach improve the outcome of radical prostatectomy?
- Cite this article as:
- Stolzenburg, J., Truss, M.C., Bekos, A. et al. Curr Urol Rep (2004) 5: 115. doi:10.1007/s11934-004-0023-9
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRPE) became the operative procedure of choice for patients with clinically localized prostate cancer in selected urologic centers around the world. Principal advantages are the minimal invasive nature of the procedure, a superior visualization of the operative field because of the magnification of the optical system, an exact and watertight anastomosis, the possibility of early catheter removal, and a potentially reduced amount of blood loss. Recent data show that oncologic outcome is not compromised by the minimal invasive nature of the procedure. However, a major drawback of LRPE is the transperitoneal route of access to the extraperitoneal organ of the prostate. Therefore, principal disadvantages of LRPE are potential intraperitoneal complications. Endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy is a further advancement of minimal invasive surgery because it overcomes the limitations of LRPE by the strictly extraperitoneal route of access, combining the advantages of minimal invasive surgery with the advantages of an extraperitoneal procedure. This article reviews the literature on minimally invasive (laparoscopic and endoscopic-extraperitoneal) radical prostatectomy.