Consensus procedures and their role in pediatric rheumatology Authors
First Online: 04 May 2008 DOI:
Cite this article as: Ruperto, N., Meiorin, S., Iusan, S.M. et al. Curr Rheumatol Rep (2008) 10: 142. doi:10.1007/s11926-008-0025-6 Abstract
The Delphi Technique and Nominal Group Technique are two well-recognized consensus-formation methodologies specifically designed to combine judgments from a group of experts. The Delphi Technique utilizes a series of well-defined questionnaire-based surveys, whereas Nominal Group Technique is a structured face-to-face meeting designed to facilitate consensus. Consensus-formation techniques require that each step build on the results of the previous steps. In this review, we describe these techniques, how they work, and their practical application in pediatric rheumatology, where they have been widely used to develop the outcome measures of several chronic rheumatic diseases, including juvenile idiopathic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, as well as the classification criteria for juvenile systemic sclerosis and juvenile vasculitides.
References and Recommended Reading
Delbecq AL, Van de Ven AH, Gustafson DH:
Group Techniques for Program Planning: A Guide to Nominal Group and Delphi Processes, edn 1. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company; 1975.
Delphi. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation; 1967.
Analysis of the Future: the Delphi Method. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation; 1967.
Giannini EH, Ruperto N, Ravelli A, et al.:
Preliminary definition of improvement in juvenile arthritis
Ruperto N, Ravelli A, Murray KJ, et al.:
Preliminary core sets of measures for disease activity and damage assessment in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus and juvenile dermatomyositis
Jones J, Hunter D:
Consensus methods for medical and health services research
van Teijlingen E, Pitchforth E, Bishop C, Russell E:
Delphi method and nominal group technique in family planning and reproductive health research
J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care
Keeney S, Hasson F, McKenna HP:
A critical review of the Delphi technique as a research methodology for nursing
Int J Nurs Stud
McKee M, Priest P, Ginzler M, Black N:
How representative are members of expert panels?
Qual Assur Health Care
Lovell DJ, Giannini EH, Reiff A, et al.:
Etanercept in children with polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Pediatric Rheumatology Collaborative Study Group
N Engl J Med
Ruperto N, Lovell DJ, Cuttica R, et al.:
A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of infliximab plus methotrexate for the treatment of polyarticular-course juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Ruperto N, Lovell DJ, Prieur AM, et al.:
Efficacy and safety of abatacept in children and adolescents with active juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Ann Rheum Dis 2006, 65(Suppl 11):248.
Ruperto N, Lovell DJ, Goodman S, et al.:
48-week data from the study of adalimumab in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Ann Rheum Dis 2006, 65(Suppl 11):56.
Wallace CA, Ruperto N, Giannini E, et al.:
Preliminary criteria for clinical remission for select categories of juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Wallace CA, Huang B, Bandeira M, et al.:
Patterns of clinical remission in select categories of juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Ruperto N, Martini A:
International research networks in pediatric rheumatology: the PRINTO perspective
Curr Opin Rheumatol
Giannini EH, Brewer EJ, Kuzmina N, et al.:
Methotrexate in resistant juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Results of the U.S.A.-U.S.S.R. double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The Pediatric Rheumatology Collaborative Study Group and the Cooperative Children’s Study Group
N Engl J Med
Martini A, Ruperto N, Lovell DJ, et al.:
An international consensus conference to define core sets of outcome measures for juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus and juvenile dermatomyositis. Proceedings of the Conference, March 31–April 3, 2001. Pavia, Italy: Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization (PRINTO); 2001.
Ruperto N, Ravelli A, Cuttica R, et al.:
The Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization criteria for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus: prospective validation of the disease activity core set
Ruperto N, Ravelli A, Pistorio A, et al.:
The provisional Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation/American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism Disease activity core set for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis: a prospective validation study
Ruperto N, Ravelli A, Oliveira S, et al.:
The Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization/American College of Rheumatology provisional criteria for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus: prospective validation of the definition of improvement
Rider LG, Giannini EH, Brunner HI, et al.:
International consensus on preliminary definitions of improvement in adult and juvenile myositis
Oddis CV, Rider LG, Reed AM, et al.:
International consensus guidelines for trials of therapies in the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
Ramanan AV, Schneider R, Batthish M, et al.:
Developing a disease activity tool for systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis by international consensus using the Delphi approach
Zulian F, Woo P, Athreya BH, et al.:
The Pediatric Rheumatology European Society/American College of Rheumatology/European League against Rheumatism provisional classification criteria for juvenile systemic sclerosis
Ozen S, Ruperto N, Dillon MJ, et al.:
EULAR/PReS endorsed consensus criteria for the classification of childhood vasculitides
Ann Rheum Dis
PubMed CrossRef Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008