, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 459-468

Ocular complications of childhood rheumatic diseases: Uveitis

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Abstract

Ocular involvement is common in pediatric rheumatologic diseases, supporting the concept that these conditions cannot be understood simply as isolated entities, but rather as multisystem disorders. The reasons for the breach of the eye-brain barrier and the targeting of the usually well-shielded eye during a pan-inflammatory process remains unclear. Pediatric rheumatologists should become familiar with these ocular disorders, because as important members of the treatment team, they manage more serious cases of inflammatory eye disease. A close collaboration between the treating rheumatologist and the ophthalmologist is essential to prevent potentially devastating outcomes. Therapeutic interventions such as topical steroids, systemic immunosuppressants, and biologics must balance the necessity of controlling ocular inflammation and the adverse effects of these treatments on a growing child.