Children’s Disaster Reactions: the Influence of Family and Social Factors
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- Pfefferbaum, B., Jacobs, A.K., Houston, J.B. et al. Curr Psychiatry Rep (2015) 17: 57. doi:10.1007/s11920-015-0597-6
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This review examines family (demographics, parent reactions and interactions, and parenting style) and social (remote effects, disaster media coverage, exposure to secondary adversities, and social support) factors that influence children’s disaster reactions. Lower family socioeconomic status, high parental stress, poor parental coping, contact with media coverage, and exposure to secondary adversities have been associated with adverse outcomes. Social support may provide protection to children in the post-disaster environment though more research is needed to clarify the effects of certain forms of social support. The interaction of the factors described in this review with culture needs further exploration.