Current Psychiatry Reports

, 16:459

The Impact of Sleep on Soldier Performance

  • Scott G. Williams
  • Jacob Collen
  • Emerson Wickwire
  • Christopher J. Lettieri
  • Vincent Mysliwiec
Military Mental Health (CH Warner, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11920-014-0459-7

Cite this article as:
Williams, S.G., Collen, J., Wickwire, E. et al. Curr Psychiatry Rep (2014) 16: 459. doi:10.1007/s11920-014-0459-7
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Military Mental Health

Abstract

The military population is particularly vulnerable to a multitude of sleep-related disorders owing to the type of work performed by active duty servicemembers (ADSMs). Inadequate sleep, due to insufficient quantity or quality, is increasingly recognized as a public health concern. Traditionally, ADSMs have been encouraged that they can adapt to insufficient sleep just as the body adapts to physical training, but there is a substantial body of scientific literature which argues that this is not possible. Additionally, the military work environment creates unique challenges with respect to treatment options for common sleep disorders like obstructive sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and parasomnias. This review highlights sleep disorders which are prevalent in the modern military force and discusses the impact of poor sleep on overall performance. Medical treatments and recommendations for unit leaders are also discussed.

Keywords

Sleep deprivation Combat related sleep disorder Insomnia Obstructive sleep apnea Sleep disordered breathing Posttraumatic stress disorder Nightmares 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott G. Williams
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jacob Collen
    • 2
    • 3
  • Emerson Wickwire
    • 4
    • 5
  • Christopher J. Lettieri
    • 2
    • 6
  • Vincent Mysliwiec
    • 7
  1. 1.Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep MedicineWomack Army Medical CenterFort BraggUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniformed Services UniversityBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep MedicineSan Antonio Military Medical CenterFort Sam HoustonUSA
  4. 4.Howard County Center for Lung and Sleep MedicineColumbiaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesJohns Hopkins School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  6. 6.Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep MedicineWalter Reed National Military Medical CenterBethesdaUSA
  7. 7.Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep MedicineMadigan Army Medical Center, Joint Base Lewis-McChordTacomaUSA

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