Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 1–7

Is There a High-Risk Subtype of Depression in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease?

Authors

    • Behavioral Medicine Center, Department of PsychiatryWashington University School of Medicine
  • Kenneth E. Freedland
    • Behavioral Medicine Center, Department of PsychiatryWashington University School of Medicine
MEDICOPSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS (WJ KATON, SECTION EDITOR)

DOI: 10.1007/s11920-011-0247-6

Cite this article as:
Carney, R.M. & Freedland, K.E. Curr Psychiatry Rep (2012) 14: 1. doi:10.1007/s11920-011-0247-6

Abstract

Depression is a risk factor for cardiac morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary heart disease, especially in those with a recent history of acute coronary syndrome. To improve risk stratification and treatment planning, it would be useful to identify the characteristics or subtypes of depression that are associated with the highest risk of cardiac events. This paper reviews the evidence concerning several putative depression subtypes and symptom patterns that may be associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality in cardiac patients, including single-episode major depressive disorder, depression that emerges after a cardiac event, somatic symptoms of depression, and treatment-resistant depression.

Keywords

Coronary diseaseCoronary heart diseaseSubtypeHigh riskDepressionDepressive disorderMajor depressive disorderTreatment-resistant depressionMyocardial infarctionMortalityMyocardial ischemia

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011