Article

Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 441-447

What’s New in the Treatment of Cocaine Addiction?

  • Kyle M. KampmanAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Treatment Research Center Email author 

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Abstract

Cocaine dependence continues to be a significant public health problem in the United States. The number of regular cocaine users has not declined significantly in the United States since 1992. Although counseling remains the treatment of choice for cocaine dependence, many cocaine-dependent patients do not respond completely to standard drug counseling. Therefore, the development of new and more effective treatments for cocaine dependence is a research priority. Progress in the understanding of the neurobiology of cocaine dependence has led to the discovery of several promising medications that have already shown encouraging results in controlled clinical trials. Other promising compounds are just becoming available for clinical trials. The use of novel psychosocial techniques such as contingency management seems to increase the efficacy of several medications used to treat cocaine dependence. New medications and new psychosocial techniques are leading to significant improvements in the treatment of cocaine dependence.

Keywords

Cocaine Pharmacotherapy Relapse Withdrawal Contingency management