, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 85-87
Date: 18 Mar 2010

Relapse Prevention in Childhood Depression

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Kennard BD, Emslie GJ, Mayes TL, et al.: Cognitive-behavioral therapy to prevent relapse in pediatric responders to pharmacotherapy for major depressive disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2008, 47:1395–1404.

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Introduction

For many years, childhood depression was underdiagnosed and undertreated. Now it is recognized as a significant mental health problem. For example, suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents. As a result, there has been increased interest in how to diagnose and treat depression in children and adolescents. Initially, diagnosis and treatment were extrapolated from studies of depressed adults. Although this approach was somewhat successful, there are differences between depressed children/adolescents and depressed adults. Thus, studies that directly assess depressed children and adolescents are needed.

In depressed adults, research has indicated that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy are effective in alle ...