Current Psychiatry Reports

, 7:245

Anxiety and medical disorders

  • Jacqueline E. Muller
  • Liezl Koen
  • Dan J. Stein

DOI: 10.1007/s11920-005-0077-5

Cite this article as:
Muller, J.E., Koen, L. & Stein, D.J. Curr Psychiatry Rep (2005) 7: 245. doi:10.1007/s11920-005-0077-5


Anxiety symptoms and disorders are associated with a range of general medical disorders. This association may be a physiologic consequence of the general medical disorder, a psychologic reaction to the experience of having a medical illness, a side effect of treatment, or a chance occurrence. This article briefly reviews the associations of panic disorder with seizure disorder, Klüver-Bucy syndrome, mitral valve prolapse, and respiratory disorders; of generalized anxiety disorder with chronic obstructive airway disease and cardiovascular and endocrine disorders; of social anxiety disorder with Parkinson’s disease; of obsessive-compulsive disorder with striatal disorders; and of posttraumatic stress disorder with head injury and pain. Such associations provide important clues for understanding the neurobiology of anxiety disorders.

Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline E. Muller
    • 1
  • Liezl Koen
  • Dan J. Stein
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryMedical Research Council Unit on Anxiety DisordersTygerbergSouth Africa